Machiavelli by Quentin Skinner
Oxford University Press (1986)
Niccolò Machiavelli taught that political leaders must be prepared to do evil deeds in order to ensure the general good of the state, and ever since his name has signified duplicity and immorality. But is his sinister reputation deserved? To answer this question, Quentin Skinner focuses on three of Machiavelli’s major works- The Prince, Discourses, and The History of Florence. His analyses and distillation of these texts provide an introduction of exemplary clarity to Machiavelli’s doctrines
1 THE DIPLOMAT 3
The humanist background 3
The diplomatic missions 6
The lessons of diplomacy 15
2 THE ADVISER TO PRINCES 21
The Florentine context 21
The classical heritage 24
The Machiavellian revolution 31
The new morality 42
3 THE PHILOSOPHER OF LIBERTY 48
The means to greatness 50
The laws and leadership 58
The prevention of corruption 67
The quest for empire 73
4 THE HISTORIAN OF FLORENCE 78
The purpose of history 78
The decline and fall of Florence 82
The final misfortune 86
Works by Machiavelli quoted in the text 89
Note on sources 91
Further reading 93
The Alphabet Versus the Goddess by Leonard Shlain
The Conflict between Word and Image
By Leonard Shlain
In this groundbreaking book, Leonard Shlain, author of the bestselling Art & Physics, proposes that the process of learning alphabetic literacy rewired the human brain, with profound consequences for culture. Making remarkable connections across a wide range of subjects including brain function, anthropology, history, and religion, Shlain argues that literacy reinforced the brain's linear, abstract, predominantly masculine left hemisphere at the expense of the holistic, iconic feminine right one. This shift upset the balance between men and women initiating the disappearance of goddesses, the abhorrence of images, and, in literacy's early stages, the decline of women's political status. Patriarchy and misogyny followed.
Shlain contrasts the feminine right-brained oral teachings of Socrates, Buddha, and Jesus with the masculine creeds that evolved when their spoken words were committed to writing. The first book written in an alphabet was the Old Testament and its most important passage was the Ten Commandments. The first two reject of any goddess influence and ban any form of representative art.
The love of Mary, Chivalry, and courtly love arose during the illiterate Dark Ages and plummeted after the invention of the printing press in the Renaissance. The Protestant attack on holy images and Mary followed, as did ferocious religious wars and neurotic witch-hunts. The benefits of literacy are obvious; this gripping narrative explores its dark side, tallying previously unrecognized costs.
Shlain goes on to describe the colossal shift he calls the Iconic Revolution, that began in the 19th century. The invention of photography and the discovery of electromagnetism combined to bring us film, television, computers, and graphic advertising; all of which are based on images. Shlain foresees that increasing reliance on right brain pattern recognition instead of left brain linear sequence will move culture toward equilibrium between the two hemispheres, between masculine and feminine, between word and image. A provocative, disturbing, yet inspiring read, this book is filled with startling historical anecdotes and compelling ideas. It is a paradigm shattering work that will transform your view of history and mind.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
The Alphabet Versus the Goddess
1. Image/Word 1
2. Hunters/Gatherers 8
3. Right Brain/Left Brain 17
4. Males: Death/Females: Life 28
5. Nonverbal/Verbal 40
6. Cuneiform/Marduk 45
7. Hieroglyphs/Isis 43
8. Aleph/Bet 64
9. Hebrews/Israelites 72
10. Abraham/Moses 87
11. Thera/Matzah 103
12. Adam/Eve 112
13. Cadmus/Alpha 120
14. Sappho/Ganymede 132
15. Dionysus/Apollo 136
16. Athens/Sparta 149
17. Lingam/Yoni 159
18. Birth/Death 168
19. Yin/Yang 179
20. Taoism/Confucianism 187
21. B.C./A.D. 203
22. Jesus/Christ 213
23. Death/Rebirth 222
24. Patriarchs/Heretics 237
25. Reason/Madness 252
26. Illiteracy/Celibacy, 500-1000 261
27. Muslin Veils/Muslim Words 278
28. Mystic/Scholastic, 1000-1300 292
29. Humanist/Egoist, 1300-1500 309
30. Protestant/Catholic 323
31. Faith/Hate 341
32. Sorcery/Science 362
33. Positive/Negative, 1648-1899 378
34. Id/Superego, 1900-1945 393
35. Page/Screen, 1945-2000 407
ABOUT LEONARD SHLAIN
Leonard Shlain is the author of Art & Physics: Parallel Visions in Space, Time & Light, and The Alphabet Versus the Goddess: The Conflict Between Word and Image. He is the chief of laparoscopic surgery at California Medical Center in San Francisco.
Title: Minding Frankie
Author: Maeve Binchy
ISBN 13: 978-1-4091-1790-2
Genre/Subject: Novell, Fiction
Year Published: 2011
Number of Pages: 425
Dimensions (mm): 110*177*24
Shipping Weight (g): 200
Description: New York Times Bestseller
A tale of joy, heartbreak and hope, about a motherless girl collectively raised by a close-knit Dublin community.
Title: Hornets Nest
Author: Patricia Cornwell
Publisher: Werner books
Original language, title: English
Release date: 1997
ISBN10: 0 - 7515 - 2026 - 8
ISBN13:9 780751 520262
Dimensions (mm): 177* 117 * 30
Numer of pages: 400
The gritty, heroic life of big-city police is seen through the eyes of three leading crimefighters from Charlotte, North Carolina--Police Chief Judy Hammer, Deputy Chief Virginia West, and ambitious young reporter Andy Brazil. By the author of Cruel and Unusual. Lit Guild, Doubleday, & Mystery Guild Main.
Title: The Window Ginger
Author: Pip Granger
Publisher: Corgi Books
Original language, title: The Window Ginger
Release date: 2003
ISBN10: 0 - 552 - 14896 - 2
ISBN13: 9 780552 148962
Dimensions (mm): 177 * 150 * 26 mm
Number of pages: 400
Weight (g): 200g
Life is starting to look up in the London cafe where Rosie lives with her beloved Aunt Maggie and Uncle Bert. It is 1954, rationing is over, and Roger Bannister's four-minute mile is the pride of England. But the Widow Ginger couldn't care less. An ex-GI with an ice-cold stare and fresh out of military prison, the Widow has come to settle some unfinished business with Bert. The Widow's looking for his share of the profits from a wartime scam'and a little vengeance for his years in the clink. Rosie soon learns that where there's smoke, there's fire, and it will take more than divine intervention to save the neighborhood'and Rosie's family'from the Widow's vengence. Charting the further misadventures of the characters from the acclaimed Not All Tarts Are Apple, Pip Granger's newest story of London's underworld shows her storytelling at its best.
Are You Experienced? by William Sutcliffe
Title: Are You Experienced?
Author: William Sutcliffe
ISBN 10: 0-14-027265-8
ISBN 13: 9780140272659
Place of publication: UK
Year Published: 1998
Number of Pages: 235
Dimensions (mm): 111 x 16 x 181 mm
Shipping Weight (g): 200
Liz travels to India because she wants to find herself. Dave travels to India because he wants to get Liz into bed. Liz loves India, hugs the beggars, and is well on her way to finding her
tantric centre. Dave, however, realizes he hates Liz, and has bad karma toward his fellow travellers: Jeremy, whose spiritual journey is aided by checks from Dad; Jonah, who hasn't worn shoes for
a decade; and Fee and Caz, fresh from leper-washing in Udaipur.
For anyone with the slightest curiosity about travelling, or even if you've been, William Sutcliffe's tremendously funny
Are You Experienced? will have you in stitches. The protagonist is Dave, a 19-year-old Londoner on a gap year before starting university. He had no intention of leaving Europe, until his
best mate James, who's about to go on a trek through the Himalayas, challenges him. "Do you want to learn Fwench David? Something pwactical for your CV?" he taunts when he hears Dave is going to
be a waiter at a Swiss ski resort.
Admitting his fears, ("Suffering, danger and poverty are all fine by me, but dirt and disease are two things I happen to hate") Dave is determined to prove he's not a coward and accepts an invitation to go to India with James's girlfriend Liz (in anticipation of consummating their burgeoning relationship). But by the time they get on the plane it all goes downhill. Bickering constantly, their adaption to India couldn't be more different. Liz embraces it--hugging beggars and wearing saris, while Dave's dry-humoured rants, scepticism and fear of the unknown eventually drive her away in search of her "centre".
The characters the pair meet along the way draw upon all the old hippy-traveller stereotypes, but there's also a few new ones in keeping with the times. There's Ranj--a British-born Indian who hates Indians; Jez--a public-school-educated undergraduate whose travels are being funded by daddy; and Caz and Fee who experience the side-effects of "Intimate Yoga".
While this story is ultimately a funny piece of fiction, it also addresses more serious considerations, such as cultural stereotypes, peer pressures and making life-changing decisions.
This book is irresistible and seasoned travellers will empathise with the situations Dave finds himself in, (his graphic description of a bout of Dehli-belly is guaranteed to make you feel sorry for him, and nauseous too). Be prepared to laugh out loud. --Angela Boodoo
About the Author:
William Sutcliffe was born in London in 1971, and was educated at Cambridge. His first novel NEW BOY was published to enthusiastic reviews and a large amount of publicity in spring 1996.
He lives in London, N4.
An alumnus of Haberdashers' Aske's School, Sutcliffe started his career with a novel about school life entitled New Boy (1996), which was followed by his best-known work so far, Are You Experienced? (1997), a pre-university gap year novel, in which a group of young Brits travel to India without really knowing what to expect or what to do there. The Love Hexagon (2000) is about six young Londoners who have difficulty committing themselves to a relationship. Bad Influence (2004), is about Olly, a 10 year old growing up in a North London suburb with his family, and the plot centres around the complex knot of his childhood friendships. Sutcliffe's most recent book, Whatever Makes You Happy (2008), is about interfering mothers and men who refuse to grow up. Sutcliffe's novels could be categorised as humorous. New Boy has much authentic material in it that refers to actual incidents from his life at Haberdashers', although it would be going too far to call it "autobiographical". In 2009, he donated the short story Sandcastles: A Negotiation to Oxfam's 'Ox-Tales' project, four collections of UK stories written by 38 authors. Sutcliffe's story was published in the 'Fire' collection.
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Pakistan by John King and David St Vincent
Discusses the history and culture of Pakistan, describes the attractions in each region of the country, and provides practical information on accommodations, sources of information, and other travel essentials
Contains quirky tales of Pakistani culture, from the porno cinemas in Lahore to catching crabs in Karachi; complete details on excursions by jeep or steam train up the Khyber Pass; critical listings of all the best places to stay; and full information on getting there from China, Iran and India.
Series: Lonely Planet Pakistan
Paperback: 419 pages
Publisher: Lonely Planet; 4 edition (January 1, 1993)
Product Dimensions: 5.2 x 0.8 x 7.2 inches (13.3 x 1.9 x 18.4 cm)
Shipping Weight: 12 ounces (340 g)
Note: The book is used.
An excellent way to see London again through other's eyes
All great cities inspire great literature, but no other city has so consistently stimulated the literary imagination as London. Over the centuries writers, poets, historians, artists, and simple observers have chronicled the life and growth of the capital from its humble beginnings to the teeming metropolis it is today. In his sparkling anthology Paul Bailey has captured the essence of its allure for visitors and inhabitants from the Middle Ages to the present day with wit, humour, and pathos. Among the many contributors are those whose evocations of the city have forever fixed it in the popular mind: Charles Dickens's descriptions of fog-bound London streets, the bustle and hustle of the Victorian city; Ben Jonson's satires on London low-life; William Wordsworth rhapsodizing on the view from Westminster Bridge; George Bernard Shaw's archetypal cockney, Eliza Doolittle...Less well known but equally vivid are descriptions of the down-and-out and the aristocrat, of the museums, theatres, galleries and churches, the restaurants and pubs, the parks and institutions, the topography of London mapped out in unforgettable verse and prose. The great set pieces - Daniel Defoe's description of the Plague year, John Evelyn's and Samuel Pepys's daily records of the Great Fire - are among several other eye-witness accounts of coronations and funerals, unequalled in their immediacy. The bemusement of foreign visitors, the joys and horrors of London buses and the London Underground, the sprawl of the suburbs and the excitement of the City, all add to the dazzling panorama. There could be no better introduction, and no better tribute to this fascinating city than The Oxford Book of London.
Title: The Oxford Book of London
Subtitle: A celebration of one of the world's greatest cities
Author: Paul Bailey (Editor)
ISBN 10: 0-19-283244-1
ISBN 13: 978-0192832443
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Genre/Subject: London, Literary collection, Social life and customs, Description and travel
Place of publication: London
Year Published: April 17, 1997
Number of Pages: 377 pages
Dimensions: 195 x 130 x 27 mm (5.1 x 1.1 x 7.7 inches)
Shipping Weight: 400 g (12 ounces)
Part I: The Twelfth Century to the Eighteenth Century 1
Part II: The Nineteenth Century 7
Part III: The Twentieth Century 231
Index of Authors 373
General Index 375
`an excellent way to see London again through other's eyes ... There are fascinating tit-bits in this anthology' Nine to Five, 25 September 1995
`With its hundreds of descriptions of the same city, Bailey's book is comparably eye-opening. Londoners will all find extracts that have special meaning for them and their locality.' John Carey, Sunday Times
`rich and conspicuous cornucopia ... It is the beautiful phrase, and immaculate observation, the record of a singular event that provide the vignettes of past life and people worth recalling that makes his book so enjoyable.' Gerald Isaaman, Ham and High (Hampstead and Highgate Express)
`Paul Bailey, has compiled a varied picture of the high life and the low life of the capital.' Andy Darley, Kilburn Times
`Paul Bailey, has compiled a varied picture of the high life and the low life of the capital.' Andy Darley, Camden and St Pancras Chronicle
`Paul Bailey, has compiled a varied picture of the high life and the low life of the capital.' Andy Darley, Willesden and Brent Chronicle
`Paul Bailey, has compiled a varied picture of the high life and the low life of the capital.' Andy Darley, Wembley and Brent Times
`Paul Bailey, has compiled a varied picture of the high life and the low life of the capital.' Andy Darley, Paddington Times
`The Oxford Book of London is both a pleasure and a welcome contribution to the debate over London. It is a model for anthologies on other major cities.' Steven Spier, Architects Journal --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
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About the Editor:
Writer and broadcaster Paul Bailey was born on 16 February 1937.
He won a scholarship to the Central School of Speech and Drama in 1953 and worked as an actor between 1956 and 1964. He became a freelance writer in 1967.
He was appointed Literary Fellow at Newcastle and Durham Universities (1972-4), and was awarded a Bicentennial Fellowship in 1976, enabling him to travel to the USA, where he was Visiting Lecturer in English Literature at the North Dakota State University (1977-9). He was awarded the E.M. Forster Award in 1974 and in 1978 he won the George Orwell Prize for his essay 'The Limitations of Despair', first published in The Listener magazine. Paul Bailey's novels include At The Jerusalem (1967), which is set in an old people's home, and which won a Somerset Maugham Award and an Arts Council Writers' Award; Peter Smart's Confessions (1977) and Gabriel's Lament (1986), both shortlisted for the Booker Prize for Fiction; and Sugar Cane (1993), a sequel to Gabriel's Lament. Kitty and Virgil (1998) is the story of the relationship between an Englishwoman and an exiled Romanian poet. In his last novel, Uncle Rudolf (2002), the narrator looks back on his colourful life and his rescue as a young boy from a likely death in fascist Romania, by his uncle, a gifted lyric tenor and the novel's eponymous hero.
He has also written plays for radio and television: At Cousin Henry's was broadcast in 1964 and his adaptation of Joe Ackerley's We Think the World of You was televised in 1980. His non-fiction books include two volumes of memoir, entitled An Immaculate Mistake: Scenes from Childhood and Beyond (1990), and A Dog's Life (2003). Three Queer Lives: An Alternative Biography of Naomi Jacob, Fred Barnes and Arthur Marshall (2001), is a biography of three gay popular entertainers from the twentieth century. His latest books are Chapman's Odyssey (2011) and The Prince's Boy (2014).
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